Compulsory Basic Training

CBT Motorcycle Instructor Training

Delivering Safety & Quality

For new CBT Motorcycle Instructor Training Instructors, the Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) course can be demanding. There are many different components to a CBT Course, so learning correctly with a structured approach is important.

Instructors must be fully prepared and ready to train before being allowed to teach learner riders.

Customer safety is paramount, instructors must be able to gauge learner rider’s ability and keep them within their own safe learning level.

CBT Motorcycle Instructor Training

Types of Training Delivery

There are three different training phases when delivering CBT Courses:

  1. In a classroom environment during off-site training
  2. Teaching practical skills and developing knowledge during on-site training
  3. Giving instruction and guidance over a radio link during practical on-road training

Delivering instruction in each of the above categories takes time to develop and master. In-depth subject knowledge is imperative when presenting lessons. 

Practice Makes Perfect

Understanding methods of instruction and practicing lesson delivery is vital to becoming a proficient trainer. Therefore instructors should be confident in their manner and delivery to instil trust and confidence in their students.

It is important to know the lesson plan format during the Explanation phase and practical delivery. Trainers must also be able to give accurate and precise Demonstrations.

A well-presented lesson will reduce questions if all relevant information has been disseminated, leading to fewer mistakes with less stressed trainees.

Knowing and understanding fault analysis and giving necessary remedial action advice is key to a successful outcome for both instructor and student.

CBT Motorcycle Instructor Training

On-Road Motorcycle Training

For CBT Motorcycle Instructor Trainers, training on the road can be the most demanding with novice riders. Instructors must communicate accurately and clearly to trainees, in a calm and relaxed manner.

Unlike ADI’s (car instructors) there are no dual controls. The trainee must not be allowed onto the road if there is any doubt regarding their ability.

Instructors must use precise and limited instruction so as not to confuse the trainee. Under or overuse of verbal instruction on the radio can be overwhelming for learner riders.

The Legalities

The legal requirement for teaching learners during off-road training, is a ratio of 4:1 and when conducting On-Road Training 2:1.

CBT Elements must not be taught out of the syllabus order, as directed by the DVSA. Students must not be moved through their training if they have not grasped the previous lesson.

Students who struggle with on-site exercises must not progress to on-road riding, if they can’t achieve a satisfactory standard.

Compulsory Basic Training Certificate (DL196)

Once Compulsory Basic Training has been completed to the satisfaction of the trainer, a DL196 (CBT Certificate) can be issued to the trainee.

If a student does not meet the necessary standard, they must return to complete further training. They must be able to demonstrate a safe and satisfactory riding standard to be able to ride unaccompanied on the road.

When a DL196 is issued, a learner rider can ride a moped (16 years or older) or a motorcycle up to 125cc (if 17 years or older). They must display L Plates to the front and rear of their motorcycle, cannot carry pillion passengers and are not permitted to ride on the motorway.

Full List of CBT Lessons


  • The aims, objectives and content of the Compulsory Basic Training course
  • The importance of having the right equipment and clothing


  • Be familiar with the motorcycle, its controls and how it works
  • Carry out basic machine checks to a satisfactory standard and be able to take the bike on and off the stand satisfactorily
  • Wheel the machine around to the left and right showing proper balance and bring the motorcycle to a controlled halt by braking
  • Be able to start and stop the engine satisfactorily


  • Ride the machine under control in a straight line and bring the machine to a controlled halt
  • Figure of 8 exercise
  • Slow control riding
  • Carry out a U-turn manoeuvre satisfactorily
  • Bring the machine to stop under full control as in an emergency
  • Controlled braking using both brakes
  • Change gear satisfactorily
  • Rear observation correctly
  • Carry out simulated left and right hand turns correctly using the Observation-Signal-Manoeuvre (OSM) and Position-Speed-Look (PSL) routines


  • The need to be clearly visible to other road users (the use of conspicuity aids)
  • Legal requirements for riding on the road
  • Why motorcyclists are more vulnerable than other road users
  • The need to ride at the correct speed according to road and traffic conditions
  • The importance of knowing the Highway Code
  • Ride defensively and anticipate the actions of other road users
  • Use rear observation at appropriate times
  • Assume the correct road position when riding
  • Leave sufficient space when following another vehicle
  • Pay due regard to the effect of varying weather conditions when riding
  • The effect on a vehicle of the various types of road surface that can be encountered
  • The dangers of drug and alcohol use
  • The consequences of aggressive attitudes when riding
  • The importance of hazard perception


  • Roundabouts                                                 
  • Bends
  • Junctions                                                       
  • Obstructions
  • Pedestrian Crossings                                    
  • One Way Systems
  • Traffic lights                                                  
  • Gradients                                                       
  • Dual Carriageways
  • Emergency stop                                        
  • U-turn